Standards for being a Good Student and Child or Di Zi Gui is written during the reign (1661-1722) of the Qing Dynasty Emperor Kangxi by Li Yu Xiu. The book is based on the ancient teaching of the Chinese philosopher Confucius that emphasizes the basic requisites for being a good person and guidelines for living in harmony with others. Like the San Zi Jing (another classic Chinese children's text), it is written in three-character verses. The source for the main outline of it is from Analects of Confucius, Book 1, Chapter 6, where Confucius said: A young man should be a good son at home and an obedient young man abroad, sparing of speech but trustworthy in what he says, and should love the multitude at large but cultivate the friendship of his fellow men. If he has any energy to spare from such action, let him devote it to making himself cultivated. There are altogether seven chapters in Di Zi Gui, with each chapter listing one duty that a good person should follow in life. Chapter 1 - At Home, Be Dutiful to My Parents Chapter 2 - Younger Brothers (and Juniors) when Away from Home Chapter 3 - Be Cautious (or Reverent) in My Daily Life Chapter 4 - Be Trustworthy Chapter 5 - Love All Equally Chapter 6 - Be Close to and Learn from People of Virtue and Compassion Chapter 7 - After All the Above are Accomplished, I Should Study Further and Learn Literature & Art to Improve My Cultural and Spiritual Life (or "If I Have Energy Left Over, I Should Study Writings") Confucius emphasized that the basic moral values and virtues should be first taught to a child since young; those values are to respect elders, respect brothers and sisters, respect wife and husband, respect the society and lastly respect the country as a whole. He believed without those values all other learning would amount to nothing. The teachings in Di Zi Gui has been the standard teaching for the young of China for thousands of years.
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